An Alternative to Ankle Surgery

Medica Stem Cells regenerative therapy can help to avoid the invasive technique of ankle arthritis surgery and can be your go-to ankle arthritis surgery alternative.

Let us take a look at the anatomy of your ankle and what happens with your ankle when you have ankle arthritis. Understand the condition better and learn the benefits of non-invasive alternative treatment. ~ The regenerative therapy by Medica Stem Cells.

Understand the Ankle Anatomy to know why a non-invasive alternative of ankle arthritis surgery is necessary

The ankle joint is also called a talocrural joint. It is a synovial joint located in the lower limb. A combination of three bones form ankle joint:

  • the tibia – shin bone,
  • the fibula of the leg – the thinner bone that runs parallel to the tibia,
  • the talus – a bone in the foot that is situated just above the calcaneus, the heel bone.

It is in this location where arthritis patients feel the pain. The talus or the ankle bone is a wedge-shaped bone which is broad on the anterior side and narrow towards the posterior side. It fits into a gap formed by the leg bones, tibia, and fibula and all of them together form an ankle joint.  The function of the talocrural or ankle joint is to allow up and down movement of the foot. It is a hinge type joint which permits dorsiflexion (raising the foot upwards towards the shin) and plantar flexion (where the top of the foot points away from your leg; opposite to dorsiflexion) of the foot. Below the ankle joint is the subtalar joint that allows sideways movement of the ankle. Numerous ligaments surround these joints and bind the bones of the leg and the foot together.

Ankle arthritis occurs at the joint which connects the tibia (shin bone of the leg), and the talus (above the heel bone) called the tibiotalar joint. The pain emerges at this point of your ankle. Ankle arthritis pain can dramatically affect your quality of life by hindering your mobility and occurs mostly due to ankle osteoarthritis. Ankle Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease in which the articular cartilage that plays a role in providing a cushion between the bones of the talocrural joint starts to degenerate gradually and decreases the space between the joints causing more friction. Osteoarthritis is more common in the older age group due to wear and tear of the cartilage from overuse. Ankle osteoarthritis may also develop from a previous injury to the ankle, which may damage the cartilage directly or affect the working condition of the ankle joint leading to a gradual deterioration of the cartilage indirectly. Ankle arthritis symptoms involve pain, inflammation, and stiffness in one or group of small joints in the foot and ankle. This recurrent friction between the bones due to degraded cartilage causes less flexibility and irritable swelling of the joints

Medica Stem Cells clinics utilize one of the most potent regenerative medicine therapies, namely regenerative cellular therapy for joint pain. Regenerative ankle arthritis treatment aims to heal the damaged tissues faster by regenerating the soft tissues of collagen, cartilage, tendons, and ligaments.  Hence, the regenerative cellular therapy has the potential of not only reducing pain but also potential to regenerate damaged tissues without the need for surgery. One of our regenerative therapy protocols for ankle arthritis treatment includes Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) therapy, which involves injecting platelets from the patient’s own blood to the affected area to enhance the healing mechanism of the damaged tissues. The platelets, which contains growth factors, helps in healing the damaged tissues by the formation of connective tissues, regulation of cell metabolism, enhancing the differentiation of cells and much more. Another ankle arthritis treatment includes the regenerative cell therapy, which utilizes undifferentiated cells to differentiate into almost any type of cells, and become cells of muscle, bone, cartilage, tissue, ligament, etc. These cells are harvested from your own body, processed and re-injected at the site of damage enhancing the repairing ability of the ankle cartilage as they can grow and differentiate into a specific type of cells required at the damaged area. Regenerative therapies are also safe as the platelets, and the cells utilized for ankle arthritis treatment are extracted from the patient’s own body. Hence there is no risk of rejection or allergic reaction

Conventional treatment methods mostly concentrate on treating the symptoms of the disease. Commonly to reduce the inflammation and pain steroids are often administered, which may potentially develop many side effects on being used for a more extended period. Traditional treatment methods also include the removal of damaged cartilage by surgery, which can be invasive and painful. Since this type of treatment does not involve the restoration of the damaged cartilage or tissues, it is considered as temporary therapy only. In comparison, regenerative cell therapies treat not only the symptoms but also targets the root cause of the disease. Regenerative treatment aims to enhance the repair and healing mechanism of the damaged tissues, along with reducing the symptoms such as pain and inflammation. Hence, regenerative cell therapies can be considered as a potential ankle arthritis surgery alternative.

Moreover, regenerative therapies have other benefits. As you may know, ankle surgery involves the administration of general anaesthesia; however, regenerative treatments are minimally invasive and requires only local anaesthesia. As compared to risks associated with conventional methods, regenerative therapy has no risk of rejection or an allergic reaction as the cells are extracted from the patient’s own body. Hence by avoiding the painful and lengthy process of surgery, patients undergoing regenerative therapy can return to regular activity much faster.

REFERENCES

  1. The Ankle Joint – Articulations – Movements – TeachMeAnatomy [Internet]. [cited 2020 May 30]. Available from: https://teachmeanatomy.info/lower-limb/joints/ankle-joint/
  2. Ankle (Human Anatomy): Image, Function, Conditions, & More [Internet]. WebMD. WebMD; 2012 [cited 2020 May 30]. Available from: https://www.webmd.com/pain-management/picture-of-the-ankle
  3. Feintuch S. Arthritis in the Ankle: Treatments, Exercises, and Home Remedies [Internet]. CreakyJoints. 2019 [cited 2020 May 30]. Available from: https://creakyjoints.org/symptoms/arthritis-in-ankle/
  4. Arthritis of the Foot and Ankle – OrthoInfo – AAOS [Internet]. [cited 2020 May 30]. Available from: https://www.orthoinfo.org/en/diseases–conditions/arthritis-of-the-foot-and-ankle/
  5. Dean Sorrento DPM. Ankle Osteoarthritis Symptoms [Internet]. Arthritis-health. Arthritis-health.com; [cited 2020 May 30]. Available from: https://www.arthritis-health.com/types/osteoarthritis/ankle-arthritis-symptoms
  6. NSI Stem Cell. [cited 2020 May 30]; Available from: https://www.nsistemcell.com
  7. State of The Art Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) Injection Kits USA [Internet]. [cited 2020 May 30]. Available from: https://www.drprpusa.com/prp-injection.html
  8. Regenerative Therapy for Foot and Ankle Injuries | Novus Spine & Pain [Internet]. Novus Spine & Pain Center. [cited 2020 May 30]. Available from: https://novusspinecenter.com/pain-treatments/regenerative-therapy-foot-ankle-injuries
  9. Neis-Beeckmann P. Regenerative medicine: curing rather than simply treating diseases – Healthcare industry [Internet]. 2018 [cited 2020 May 30]. Available from: https://www.gesundheitsindustrie-bw.de/en/article/news/regenerative-medicine-curing-rather-than-simply-treating-diseases
  10. Welcome to ECronicon [Internet]. [cited 2020 May 30]. Available from: https://www.ecronicon.com/eccea/pdf/ECCEA-02-00092.pdf

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Medica Stem Cells Benefits

Increased function

Pain reduction

No pain Medication

Most individuals do not experience extensive downtime

Minimal time off of work

No surgery

Minimal use of mobility tools (crutches, etc.)

Minimal disruption of regular routine

No rehabilitation

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