The knee joint includes bones, ligaments, tendons, cartilage, and bursal sac. Hence, it is considered the most complex joint
An Alternative to ankle ligament surgery
Medica Stem Cells regenerative therapy may help to avoid the invasive ankle ligament surgery and can be your go-to ankle ligament surgery alternative
Understand the anatomy of Ankle Ligaments to know the cause of pain that can be followed by its tear
Ligaments are strong connective fibrous tissues that help in connecting bones with other bones. They stabilize the ankle joint by preventing it from rotating too much inward. Thus, it can prevent ankle sprain, followed by ankle ligament tears. There are two types of ligaments, namely lateral and medial ankle ligaments.
Anterior Talo-fibular ligament, posterior Talo-fibular ligament and Calcaneo-fibular ligament are known as lateral ankle ligaments. Deltoid ligament is know as medial ankle ligament.
Anterior Talo-fibular ligament is very broad. It starts from the fibula and runs down to the outer part of the ankle on the upper side of the ankle joint. Anterior Talo-fibular ligament is more prone to ankle ligament damage.
The Calcaneo-fibular ligament is a rope-like structure that starts from the tip of the fibula and runs down towards the calcaneus (heel bone). This ligament can control the inversion of the foot.
Posterior Talo-fibular ligament starts from the lower back part of the fibula and runs down into the outer side of the heel bone. It stabilizes the ankle joint and the subtalar joint.
The deltoid ligament is a strong, flat, and triangular-shaped band of connective tissue. It starts from the bottom part of the tibia and runs down towards the talus and calcaneus. It is a very strong ligament that stabilizes the inner part of the ankle.
The bones in the ankle joint are held together by the ligaments, which stabilize the ankle region. When an ankle ligament injury happens, the stability of the ankle is lost. If ligaments are stretched beyond their capacity, they tear. Ligament tears occur among people of all age groups and range from mild to severe damage. Ankle ligament tears can happen in the Anterior Talo-fibular ligament, Calcaneo-fibular ligament and Deltoid ligament.
In most of the cases, ankle ligament tear takes place due to the rolling of the ankle while walking or playing sports like football, rugby and others. During ankle ligament damage, the ankle gets rolled inward followed by sudden shooting pain. In some cases, the person may experience cracking noise from the ankle joint. Initial symptoms of a ligament tear are swelling on the outer side of the ankle and bruising with a feeling of instability. It may become difficult to carry the full body weight on foot due to ankle ligament pain. Furthermore, ankle ligament injuries may lead to cartilage or bone fractures. Without proper treatment, it can become severe and may lead to long-term problems such as arthritis, chronic ankle pain or instability in the ankle.
Whenever an ankle ligament sprain or tear occurs, ankle ligament surgery should be the last resort. Before opting for surgery, try the ground-breaking and revolutionary regenerative cellular therapies for ankle ligament pain. As already mentioned, recurrent ligament tears can lead to long-term complications like arthritis. However, with the help of minimally invasive regenerative therapy, it is possible to resolve the ankle ligament pain by treating the underlying cause. Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) therapy, one of the regenerative treatments, involves injecting platelets from the patient’s own blood to the affected area for enhanced healing. The growth factors in the platelets heal the damaged area by forming connective tissues, regulating cell metabolism, enhancing cell differentiation and much more. Another treatment for ankle ligament tears is the regenerative cell therapy that utilizes undifferentiated cells to differentiate into almost any type of cell. With this natural non-invasive treatment, damaged ligaments can heal faster and have a lot shorter rehabilitation period as compared to surgery. As the cells are harvested from the patient’s own body, there is also no risk of rejection or allergic reaction either.
Conventional treatment methods mostly treat the disease by masking the symptoms temporarily. However, regenerative therapies focus on treating the underlying cause of injury and thus resolving the symptoms in the process. Conventional treatments commonly include NSAIDs, steroids, and invasive, painful surgeries with general anaesthesia. Moreover, surgeries may not be effective in the long run and involve a painful post-surgical recovery period. Surgeries involve a lot of risks such as bleeding, damage to the nerves, blood clots, in addition to complications that may arise due to general anaesthesia. Commonly steroids are administered to reduce pain and inflammation. But they also have a lot of side effects like damage to surrounding nerves due to prolonged use. In contrast, regenerative therapy is a minimally invasive treatment, where only local anaesthesia is required. Also, postoperative medication is rarely necessary. Regenerative therapy aims to reduce pain by enhancing the natural repair mechanism of the damaged tissues, cartilages, ligaments, bones, etc. without any risk. Hence, regenerative therapy can be considered as a potential ankle ligament surgery alternative. By avoiding the painful and lengthy process of surgery, patients undergoing regenerative therapy can return faster to their routine lives.
- Ligaments of the Foot and Ankle Overview – FootEducation [Internet]. FootEducation. FootEducation; [cited 2020 Jun 4]. Available from: https://footeducation.com/ligaments-of-the-foot-and-ankle-overview/
- Calcaneofibular Ligament Anatomy, Function & Diagram | Body Maps [Internet]. Healthline. Healthline Media; [cited 2020 Jun 4]. Available from: https://www.healthline.com/human-body-maps/calcaneofibular-ligament
- Torn Ligament in Ankle | Symptoms, Treatment & Surgery | Schoen Clinic [Internet]. [cited 2020 Jun 4]. Available from: https://www.schoen-clinic.co.uk/conditions-treatment/foot-ankle/ankle-ligament-injuries-treatment-surgery
- Website [Internet]. [cited 2020 Jun 4]. Available from: https://stanfordhealthcare.org/medical-conditions/bones-joints-and-muscles/ankle-ligament-tear.html
- Regenerative Therapy for Foot and Ankle Injuries | Novus Spine & Pain [Internet]. Novus Spine & Pain Center. [cited 2020 Jun 4]. Available from: https://novusspinecenter.com/pain-treatments/regenerative-therapy-foot-ankle-injuries
- NSI Stem Cell. [cited 2020 Jun 4]; Available from: https://www.nsistemcell.com
- State of The Art Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) Injection Kits USA [Internet]. [cited 2020 Jun 4]. Available from: https://www.drprpusa.com/prp-injection.html
- Regenerative Medicine of North Florida. [cited 2020 Jun 4]; Available from: https://stemcelltherapyjacksonville.com/
- Lateral Ankle Ligament Reconstruction [Internet]. [cited 2020 Jun 4]. Available from: https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/treatment-tests-and-therapies/lateral-ankle-ligament-reconstruction
- Piedmont Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, P.A. 2016 Dec 13 [cited 2020 Jun 4]; Available from: https://piedmontpmr.com/advantages-regenerative-medicine-musculoskeletal-surgery/
- How Much Does Stem Cell Therapy Cost? – Orthopaedic and Spine Center of Newport News [Internet]. Orthopaedic and Spine Center of Newport News. [cited 2020 Jun 4]. Available from: https://www.osc-ortho.com/services/regenerative-medicine/how-much-does-stem-cell-therapy-cost/
Regenerative Therapy for Knee Pain may help patients who don’t respond to typical drug treatment, want to reduce their reliance on medication, or are looking for safe knee replacement alternatives. Regenerative Treatments are not suitable for all conditions and all patients. The consultant will be able to advise if you are a suitable candidate.
Your first step to exploring your treatment options for knee pain is scheduling a consultation with our Consultant. To do so call us on 020 8168 2000 or alternatively book a consultation online or request a call back today!
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