Stromal Vascular Fraction (SVF) therapy and Mesenchymal Cell (MC) Therapy uses a patient’s own stem cells to help repair damaged tissues and repair injuries. These therapies are part of the Regenerative medicine field that is rapidly growing. A few of the many things SVF and MC therapies are used for include reducing joint pain, increasing motion and flexibility, and treating tendon and ligament tears.
Everyone has stem cells in many areas of their body. Adult stem cells (also known as Somatic stem cells) are undifferentiated cells found throughout your body. In some adult tissues, such as bone marrow, fat, muscle and brain, discrete populations of adult stem cells generate replacements for other cells that are lost through normal wear and tear, injury or disease. They multiply to replenish dying cells and regenerate damaged tissues. Stem cells act as mother cells that have the potential to become any type of cell. Every organ and tissue in your body grew out of a cluster of stem cells early in development. They are the foundation cells and your own bank of self-healing. Scientific interest in adult stem cells is centred on their ability to divide or self-renew indefinitely and generate different cell types.
There are two types of stem cells therapies provided in clinics: Stromal Vascular Fraction therapy or Mesenchymal Cell Therapy.
What is Stromal Vascular Fraction therapy?
Adipose/fat tissue provides an abundant source of stromal vascular fraction (SVF) cells for administration and can also give rise to a substantial number of cultured, multipotent adipose-derived stromal cells (ADSCs). ADSCs have demonstrated very similar phenotypic and functional characteristics to that of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells. They are isolated as part of the aqueous fraction derived from enzymatic digestion of lipoaspirate (collected during surgical liposuction procedure). This aqueous fraction, a combination of ADSCs, endothelial precursor cells, hematopoietic stem cells, endothelial cells, macrophages, smooth muscle cells, fibroblasts, lymphocytes, erythrocytes, pericytes, and pre-adipocytes among other various stem cell populations, is what is known as the stromal vascular fraction.
Initially, SVF /ADSC, was used for cosmetic breast enhancement, but this mode of treatment has found use in many diseases involving immune disorders, tissue degeneration, and ischaemic conditions. Since SVF contains growth factors, it has the ability to decrease the inflammation present in many diseases in addition to causing the growth and specialization of cells. SVF cells demonstrate regenerative potential in damaged tissues or organs through paracrine and differentiation mechanisms.
What is Mesenchymal Cells therapy?
Mesenchymal Cells therapy uses autologous multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) isolated from bone marrow stroma, MSCs are drawn to sites of injury, where they contribute to cellular repair and tissue regeneration through their multilineage differentiation capacity, immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory effects. They potentially can differentiate into cartilage, bone and decrease inflammation and pain.
What are Stromal Vascular Fraction therapy and Mesenchymal Cells therapy used for?
Stem cells, that are stored in your own body, are able to respond to problems in other areas of the body that are causing pain or dysfunction, providing natural help with healing, repairing injury or condition. They can repair damaged tissue, including injury, speed up tissue growth and regeneration, including post-surgery repair, reduce inflammation, Improve blood flow by creating new blood vessels and also reduce areas of internal or external scarring.
A list of common conditions Stromal Vascular Fraction therapy and Mesenchymal Cells therapy can help are below:
- Breast augmentation/ enchantment
- General scar, burn, skin and wounds healing, like Bed Sores, Phlebitic Ulcers, Diabetic foot ulcer
- Facial rejuvenation
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Joint replacement, like natural hip or knee replacement
- Vulvar lichen sclerosus
- Erectile dysfunction
- Critical limb ischaemia
What are the Benefits of Stromal Vascular Fraction and Mesenchymal Cells therapy?
Over all Stromal Vascular Fraction and Mesenchymal Cells therapy treatments are minimally invasive, non-surgical same day procedures with no risk of rejection, minimal recovery time and minimal worry. You are fully awake and ready to go home within a few hours after injections in the affected area.
Here are the top 5 benefits to be aware of: